Julian Adderley is born in Tampa, Florida, and acquires the nickname
'Cannonball' - a corruption of 'cannibal' because of his immense
appetite. He becomes a school music teacher from 1948 to 1955, with
an interlude playing alto saxophone in army bands for 3 years from
Cannonball joins the Miles Davis sextet,
playing alongside John Coltrane.
They record Kind of Blue in 1959, a seminal album which popularizes
the new concept of modal jazz.
Adderley moves to New York to study at the University, but makes an
immediate impact as a player, being heralded as the "new Bird".
His style is very much like Charlie Parker's.
He forms a quintet with his brother Nat on trumpet in 1956.
He reforms the quintet with brother Nat, and their style is often
referred to as 'soul jazz', a gutsy blues and gospel sound. Among
their sidemen is Joe Zawinul. The group
is very popular and tours until Cannonball's death in 1975.